New phishing attack against Facebook business pages

There’s a new attempt at an old phishing attack running on Facebook today.  The attack appears to target business pages on Facebook by posing as a Facebook compliance message.  Here’s a screenshot of the attack, which we received in our notifications panel on Facebook: The message appears to be a Facebook compliance message, because it uses the Facebook logo and name.  It also appears to be a direct message due to the use of “Dear Customer” in the greeting.  However there are a few things that should stand out to you as suspicious: It uses the ow.ly URL shortener and not a proper Facebook URL. It uses threatening language indicating extreme action. The message itself is nonsense.  It begins by saying that there are irregularities of content and a violation of ToS.  Then it requires you to verify your contact information, and thanks you for helping them improve ‘service collaboration.’ It is a notification and not a message.  Facebook notifications indicate shares or mentions by another user.  These are not direct messages to a customer, and normally do not include any type of greeting like “Dear Customer.” This is what you will see if you hover your cursor over the account link:   This URL is another indication that this is likely not an official Facebook communication.  If you were to follow the link to this account, you would see that this attack has targeted hundreds of business pages on Facebook. This attack page was taken offline earlier today, but there may be more versions of this page still functioning. The attack is structured as follows: The attacker identifies the business page. The attacker then shares the latest post from the business page. The share is prefaced by the message that you see in our screenshot at the top of this post. The body of the message includes a shortened link designed to look like a Facebook account verification link. These indicators should be enough for you to recognize this as a scam and...

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IRS related scams are not all the same

Barracuda Central is detecting a variety of tax-related phishing emails.  These emails are designed to look like official communications from the IRS or similar tax revenue entities outside of the US.  Most of the emails we have detected include links in the body of the message.  These links are designed to phish for the victim’s info or to install malicious content on the victim’s computer.  All of these emails have the same agenda of tricking people into clicking on the malicious links. (Click here to see a larger version of this image)     Some of these emails claim to be automated notification messages sent from the IRS. These emails ask the recipient to update a W2 profile with a “new W2 E-Data Form”. Some of these messages are also claiming that if this is not done within 48 hours, a refund will be delayed or not paid. Other similar IRS phishing emails have an attached HTML form. This form prompts the recipient to input personal information such as: social security number, Date of Birth, home address and Employer info and etc. If this form is submitted, the victim is directed to a different site, and all personal information that was just entered is now stored for a spammer to use.   Another variant has the subject “Pending Tax Refund”. This variant attempts to trick the recipient into clicking on the link that claims there is an outstanding tax refund from an overpayment in a prior year.  These messages are coming from an .UK domain, and are posing as official communications from HM Revenue & customs.  This is the department of the UK Government that is responsible for the collection of taxes. The government already knows about this issue and has created a site to inform people about this scam: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/gds/payerti/forms-updates/forms-publications/register.htm     The above variant poses as a message from the “Canada Revenue Agency”. The email has a link to a site that asks the victim to transfer money electronically, so that the sender...

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The Big Business of Spam: Online Dating Requests Through Email – Not So Fast

Meeting people online has never been easier, unfortunately for some people, falling for that perfect connection may not be the only thing they are falling for these days. Online dating scams are quickly becoming a likely possibility due to the giant audience attracted to online dating sites. It’s no secret that scammers target large audiences, and according to an article published on Match.com, there are currently over 40 million people trying to meet that special someone online. So, how can users avoid falling victim to an online dating scam without dumping the scene all together? One way is to remain aware that any email you receive regardless of the topic – could be a scam in disguise. For example, through Barracuda Central, the Barracuda Labs team recently flagged and dissected a series of factious emails from scammers attempting to impersonate a missed connection from a dating site. These scams are banking on the potential that the recipient has an online dating account in order to bait them into replying to an offsite message. This particular email scam suggests that the recipient email them directly so they can get to know each other, which is simply a tactic used in order to bypass spam filters. Here is one of the messages we came across: As you can see, this particular message is written poorly which should always raise a red flag, and if the recipient takes action and replies, the scammer’s sob story quickly follows in hopes to earn the trust of the victim. Eventually these communications will lead to a request for the victim to wire money, which will be withdrawn from their bank account immediately and into an offshore account – where a refund is far from likely. Not only will your wallet be empty, your heart may be broken along with it, and you’ll be well on your way to a number one hit on the county music charts. Not your idea of a good time? Fortunately, it might actually be easier...

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The Big Business of Spam: Adulterers beware, scammers may be targeting you

As you have probably heard by now, a group of hackers who call themselves The Impact Team recently breached the systems of Avid Life Media (ALM), and stole sensitive data from AshleyMadison.com. The group has since published a large cache of data that includes personal information from members of the site, and are making that data available online for download. To make the situation worse, opportunistic scammers are looking to capitalize on this unique opportunity for a financial gain of their own. To start, the scammers will send phishing emails suggesting that they have information on the recipient that will expose them as an AshleyMadison user. The scam methods they’re using are quite simple and common, yet highly effective when used as a scare tactic like this. Spammers often buy full lists of verified addresses (email addresses in this case) after a large breach, then target and attempt to solicit the users. Here’s how this particular scam works: An unsuspecting user will get an email titled – “Recent data leak, your details are there!” (image below) Once the user opens the email, they will see a note that implies that their personal information has been leaked along with the other 37 million people. At the end of the note, they are directed to click on a link that will direct them to a page that offers services from UnTraceMe. From there, they are directed to pay a fee of $19.95 to get their information secured and removed. (image below) After a spooked user agrees to pay the fee and clicks on the link provided, they are then directed to use a PayPal-like site to pay the fee and “secure their information.” (image below) What folks don’t know is that the leaked data can be retrieved by just about anyone, and will not disappear no matter what ransom is paid. At this time, Barracuda Labs has blocked over 1000 emails similar to the one imaged above, and depending on the monetary success that the spammers...

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The Big Business of Spam: Stay clear of these “too-hot-to-miss” sale opportunities from your Facebook Friends

We’ve previously warned about deals that are too good to be true (https://barracudalabs.com/2015/05/the-big-business-of-spam-dr-ozs-brand-new-trick-to-shed-27-pounds-in-just-one-month/) – and with summer in full swing, the Barracuda Labs team has seen more and more false domains like (rb-to.com, raybanglassesofhot.com and summer-raybans.com) popping up in feeds and social media timelines. Our Labs team ran a background check on the domains and many of them appear to be registered in China, including the domain listed above. While browsing your Facebook or Twitter timelines, you may have come across “sponsored ads” that seem too good to be true. Most can be spotted immediately and swiftly ignored; however, you may have been tagged in a post or received a message on your personal timeline posted by a friend, directing you to a killer sale. See figure 1 for an example. Figure 1. The example above shows an ad for Ray Ban, a popular sunglass retailer whose classic sunglasses range from $155 to $200, that looks as though it was shared by a regular user or even a friend on Facebook. The ad targets unsuspecting consumers looking to score the name brand sunglasses for up to 80% off. Figure 2. The idea here, like any scam, is to entice unknowing consumers to jump on the hot deals and “buy” the Ray Ban’s at such low prices. Once the links are clicked on, the consumer is redirected to what looks like a legitimate discount website that is offering deals with up to 80% savings on multiple styles, see Figure 2 and Figure 3 for examples. Figure 3. The phisher hopes that the deal is too good for the consumer to pass up and engages in purchasing the product. Here, the phisher is hoping the consumer will enter their personal data like first and last name, emails address, personal home address and credit card information, to then flip and sell to third parties. It is always smart to use best practices when shopping online. Here are a few tips: Do a bit of research and go...

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The Big Business of Spam: What Caitlyn Jenner Uses to Prevent Wrinkles and Stop the Aging Process

The cover for Vanity Fair’s July 2015 print issue was publicized on the Vanity Fair website June 1, and revealed the newly transformed, Caitlyn Jenner. The cover photo went viral reaching over 46 million people across Vanity Fair’s website and social media – with the internet virtually exploding. Jenner even beat President Obama’s record for reaching 1 million Twitter followers in just under five hours. With Jenner’s name in the headlines this week, it’s no surprise that spammers have jumped on the opportunity to try and use her likeliness to trick users into visiting sites to push beauty products in hopes to gain monetary value. So far, we’ve seen over 100K samples and variants of spam emails using Caitlyn Jenner as the lure to get people to click on compromised links. The emails all have different subject lines, but include the same content in the email body. The spam appears to be coming from possible compromised machines, most of which trace back to IP addresses in the United States. Figure 1 below is an example of the emails that are being sent out in large quantities, hoping to entice users into clicking on spammy links. The embedded links in the email titled “Caitlyn swears she just used this” and “Here is what went down” redirects users to the following website – http://www.goodbodyhealthtips.org/index.php?aff_sub=1394&aff_sub2=190076&aff_sub3=1021342e9d6b955d9a9c66e5ed3293 (labeled “wrinkle miracle”) – that pushes an anti-aging facial cream to prevent wrinkles, revealed by Dr. Oz called Dermakin Anti-Aging Cream. Figure 1 As shown in Figure 2 below, once on the page, the user will see the headline “Revealed by Dr. Oz! Jen’s Closely Guarded Secret For A Wrinkle Free Face” that is said to be featured in Yahoo!, Woman’s Day, VANITY FAIR, TIME, People and Aol. Figure 2 Figure 3 below shows that while on the page, the user will see “before” and “after” photos of stars like Ellen DeGeneres, Katie Couric, Goldie Hawn and Barbara Streisand who have allegedly used the wrinkle cream. Figure 3 At the bottom of...

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